Maryland maybe

Maryland maybe

This post will be in support of preservation efforts regarding Hollywood’s original buildings. At present, designated historic areas are Downtown and the Lakes Section. Those are certainly deserving, but surely it’s time to recognize the original Central section as well.

Vista del Colegio, Photo by Higby

Vista del Colegio, Photo by Higby

Some history facts: in 2020, Hollywood as the city created by Joseph W. Young, Jr. will reach its century mark. Young bought his first square mile in 1920; the first street, Hollywood Boulevard from the Dixie Highway to future Young Circle, was laid out in 1921. Within this first purchase were areas that the Hollywood Land & Water company called Downtown, Central, and the Little Ranches. (Much of the future Lakes section wasn’t ready for building construction before 1925 as the filled land around both Lakes had to settle.)

1921 hollywood blvd 4

Hollywood Boulevard, looking east from the Dixie Highway, Nov. 1921. Collection Hollywood Historical Society

1923 H.blvd 9

Hollywood Boulevard looking east from the FEC railroad tracks to the Parkview Hotel, January, 1923. Collection Hollywood Historical Society

From the Boulevard, streets in the Central section radiated north to Dania, south toward Hallandale, east to about future 14th Avenue, and west to future 28th Avenue.

Today Young’s Central section has become Downtown, Parkside, Royal Poinciana, and the western edge of the Lakes section. By the time Young had his city incorporated in late 1925, the Central section was filled with businesses in Downtown, and homes, apartments and small hotels chiefly in what is now Parkside, as well as Royal Poinciana.

As a Hollywood native, I would like to help preserve as much of J. W. Young’s beautiful city as we can. (We lived “out west” in the Little Ranches where my father bought an acre of land in 1922.)

Hollywood, 1940

2301 and 2303 Polk Street, 1938 Mickelson Collection

Downtown has rightly been designated “historic,” but for reasons unclear to me, Parkside, which contains Hollywood’s oldest homes, has not received that designation. I believe efforts are currently underway to correct this incomprehensible oversight. I’m not trained in historic preservation, but I am a historian and can provide data needed to support historic designations.

Hollywood had a remarkable building boom between 1922, when Young’s Hollywood Land & Water Company erected the first permanent structures in his brand-new city, and 1926, the year of the devastating September hurricane.  No doubt to get the ball of settlement rolling, in 1922 Young had his company, together with Indiana building contractor Harry K. Bastian, erect the first permanent homes in Hollywood, in today’s Parkside. In order to maintain a certain look for his city Young hired the architectural firm of Rubush & Hunter to design a series of suggested houses, chiefly in the California Mission Revival style to which Young was partial.

Rubush & Hunter sample drawing of possible house for Hwd. Land & Water.

Rubush & Hunter, Sample house design for Hollywood By-the-Sea. City of Hollywood Archives.

These first houses were built along 19th and 20th Avenues, between Van Buren and Washington Streets. The first house to be occupied was at 1901 Madison Street, now gone, owned by Canadians Charles and Emma Roden.

Roden home

Also significant in this historic group of Hollywood’s first homes, dating from 1922 is the one at 1855-57 Monroe Street, below, which became the home of Virginia Elliott TenEick in 1923. She was, of course, Hollywood’s first published historian. Surely this house deserves historical landmark designation.

Elliott 1855 Monroe HHS

1855 Monroe Street, 1922. Virginia Elliott TenEick’s home in 1923. Collection Hollywood Historical Society









Information about all Hollywood’s historic sites can be found in the Hollywood Historical Society’s archives. Handy sources are TenEick’s History of Hollywood, and my Guide to Historic Hollywood and the 2015 booklet The Hollywood Historical Society Historic Downtown Walking Tour. All of these are available at the Hollywood Historical Society; my Guide is also available through Barnes & Noble and Amazon.  TenEickMickelson.Guide cover


Notable among the early buildings in today’s Parkside are a sizeable group of small apartment buildings.  They proliferated at that time because the hundreds of people flocking to Young’s thriving new city needed somewhere to live as they made land purchases then built homes. Remember, as late as 1922 there were only a handful of permanent buildings in Hollywood which was essentially flat, cleared ground. When my father was sent by Young to Hollywood in 1920 to start surveying the newly purchased land there was nowhere for him to live–at least in Hollywood. Bloom's Hotel, Dania 1920

Mrs. Bloom’s boarding house, Dania, Florida, 1921.                                                              Collection of the Estate of Tony Mickelson.

So he went to the settled farm community just to the north, Dania, and had his rooms and meals in Mrs. Bloom’s boarding house, pictured above. People in my father’s snapshot aren’t identified.  (He soon bought the acre of land in the Little Ranches.)

The Hollywood Land and Water Company didn’t build apartment buildings, but many others did, and today many of those that were built according to Young’s building codes between 1923 and 1927 still stand, particularly in Hollywood’s first  residential areas now known as Parkside and Royal Poinciana.

Recently I made a list of pre-1926 apartments in Hollywood that were designed in the California Mission, or Spanish Mission, or Spanish-Moorish style. We use those terms because that is what they were called at the time that they were built (“Mediterranean Revival” is a misnomer since there was no reference to the Mediterranean intended). Hollywood’s founder in 1920 had lived in California from 1902 to 1916 when the Mission Revival movement was at its height, and this was the architectural style that he decreed should be used in buildings in his city (also the California adobe, and the bungalow).

So here is my list of Hollywood apartment buildings designed with reference to the California Mission, or Spanish Mission, with addresses and date built, if known:

Alva Apts., 1926, 1940 Fillmore Street (at right)Alva

Boulevard Apts., 1014 Hollywood Blvd., 1925-26 (gone)

Casa El Jeanne Apts., 1924-25, 2000 Jefferson Street

Cavanaugh Apts., 1925, 309 Arizona Street

Chelsea Apts., 1924, 2021 Pierce St., designed by Jack Davidon  Chelsea 1924 2021 Pierce Street

Coronado and Castillian Apts., 1852 & 1856 Washington St.

Cropper Apts., 1926, 1512 Harrison St.

Eby Apts., 1926, 1621 Van Buren St.

Flora Apts., 1924, 1656 Polk St. designed by Martin L. Hampton Flora, Yale Studio

Yale Studio photo. Collection Hollywood Historical Society

(at right)

Fountain Court Apts., 1924, 817 Tyler Street Fountain Court

         at right, Photo by Sellard.

       Collection Hollywood Historical Society

Gallager Apts., 1401 Madison St.

Garfield-Tubbs Apts., 1926, 1639 Madison St.

Glenmore and Canterbury Apts., 1925, 1641 Tyler St.

Hollywood Beach Apts., 1926, 322 Monroe St.

Hutchinson Hotel & Apartments, later Golfview Hotel, 1924, 404 N. 17th Avenue (possibly by Rubush & Hunter) Postcard (below)Hutchinson Golf View

Josephine Apts., 1928-29, 1947 Lincoln St. (gone)

LeRoy Apts., 1836 Dewey St.

Lorraine Hotel, 1924, 1704 Polk St. (gone)

Maryland Apts., 1926, 1857 Jackson St.Maryland maybe

Collection Hollywood Historical Society

         (at right)

Merithew Apts., 1925, 1350 Tyler StreetMerithew

at left Collection Hollywood Historical Society

Norma & Mantua Apts., 1926, 221 and 223 S. 17th Ave.Norma and Mantua maybe, later Hurd

later named Hurd Apartments.

Collection Hollywood Historical Society

Ruthlyn Apts., 1720 Fillmore St., 1924  Ruthlyn

Photo collection Hollywood Historical


Trianon Hotel, 1924, 1957 Monroe St. (gone)TrianonTrianon Hotel, 1924, 1955 Monroe St. Helen Whatley.

Photo at left shows this large, upscale hotel apartment building under construction. At right, the finished product complete with urns, awnings and balconies.  Photo collection Hollywood Historical Society.

1442 Tyler St., 1925 (gone)

1536 Tyler St., 1926

Villa Hermosa Hotel, 1925, 1908 Jackson St. (gone)  Villa Hermosa

Villa Hermosa Jupiter Apts, 1926, 1909 Jackson St. (gone)

Vista del Colegio, 1652-56 Madison St., 1924-25Vista del Colegio, Photo by Higby

The only Hollywood building I know that was built to resemble a California adobe. Sadly it has since been remodeled. The name means “View of the School,” referring to Hollywood Central School.

Photo by Higby. Collection Hollywood Historical Society.

Washington Apts., 2020 Washington St., 1926

2137 Washington St.

Nearly all of those listed above are also listed in the State’s compendium of buildings erected in Hollywood before c. 1932, and therefore considered historic. Those not listed by the State in their 1980s study had already been demolished. These site files are available in the Hollywood Historical Society’s Research Center.

Also, in her 1960 History of Hollywood, Virginia TenEick listed all the apartments built before 1926 that she could locate by name, whether they were still there in 1960 or not, and often with no further information available. For those of you interested in historic preservation in Hollywood, here are the apartments TenEick names, showing the pages in her book where they are found.  If you would like more information about a building(s), please contact me and I will look into it.   Email  joanmickelsonphd76@gmail.com

Apartments named by Virginia TenEick with page number where mentioned, list created by me:

apartments, 127-132, 228, 266  All built between 1923 and 1925

Adelen, 129
Aldene, 308
Alva, 129   (photo in first list, above)
Avery, 129
Aylesworth, 121
Bennett, 129, 229 (ill.)
Berner, 129        (  photo at right)Berner
Betty-Bryan, 129
Bevan, 129
Boulevard, 129, 272
Cambridge, 129
Canterbury, 129
Casa El Jeanne, 129
Castilian, 129
Cavanaugh, 129-130
Chandler, 121
Chelsea Apartments, 132 (ill.)   (photo in first list, above)
Clara, 130
Coral Rock, 85, 89, 200
Coronado, 130
Country Club Villas, 405
Cropper, 130
Drurie, 130
Duling, 130
Eby, 130
Edgar, 130
Eisenberger, 128
Elaine, 130
Elizabeth, 130   (photo at right)Elizabeth
Elkins, 130
El Mirador, 130
Fields, 229 (ill.)
Flickenger, 265
Flora Apartments, 66, 67 (ill.), 69, 126 (ill.), 128-129, 131 (ill.), 282 (ill.)   (photo in first list, above)
Fountain Court, 130  (photo in first list, above)
Frank Apartments, 89 (ill.), 90 (ill.)J. L. Frank house, 1st home on beach, Feb. 1924 probably at 325 Buchanan
     This was the first house on Hollywood beach, built in February 1924 by J. L. Frank of Buffalo NY. As the demand for housing on the beach was enormous, Frank very quickly converted the building into apartments. It was torn down within the past decade.
garage apartments, 127
Garfield-Tubbs, 130
George Young Apartments, 69, 128, 288 (ill.)Young
        These apartments were erected by George Young who was not related to J. W. Young or to Young’s close friend Ralph Young. The building appears to have been well-constructed, but it was left in shambles by the September 1926 hurricane, and demolished.  Photo Hollywood Historical Society.
Glenmore, 130
Goodbread, 130
Harrison Arms, 130
Hazel, 130
Hendrick Hudson, 130
Hollywood, 130
Hollywood Beach, 130
Hutchins, 120
Indiana, 130, 322-23Indiana
       This building seems quite plain for 1924-26 but as this is a later photo, perhaps it was remodeled.
Irma, 130
Jefferson, 130
Johnson St. on beach, 87
Josephine, 130
Jupiter, 130
Kington Building, 119-20kington apts
     Now the Broward Building, this building was planned and constructed with stores on the ground floor and large apartments above.   It is part of Hollywood’s Historic Downtown district.     Photo collection Hollywood Historical Society
Knapp, 130
Leroy, 130
Lillian, 130
Lingerlong, 23, 66, 127-128, 153
Lorraine, 282 (ill.)
Mantua, 130  (photo in first list, above)
Maryland, 130, 274    (photo in first list, above)
McCray, 130
Merithew, 130   (photo in first list, above)
Monterey, 130
Neff, 130
Norma, 130   (photo in first list, above)
Ocean View, North & South, 130
Olive, 130, 226
O’Sullivan, 129
Owens-Nims, 130
Phyllis, 130
Phyl Mar, 130
Relda, 130
Ruthlyn, 130    (photo in first list, above)
Semmel, 130
South Lake, 130
Symmes, 87
Vaden Apartments, 69
Virginia-Lee, 130
Vista Del Collegio, 130   (photo in first list, above)
Warren, 130
Washington, 130, 274
Waverly, 130
Wellinger, 130, 229 (ill.)

I hope this was of interest. For more information please don’t hesitate to contact me at joanmickelsonphd76@gmail.com or the Hollywood Historical Society, http://www.Hollywoodhistoricalsociety.org  and hollywoodflhistory@att.net




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  1. Carol Scalzo says:

    Super interesting, Joan! Thanks for sharing.

    When I first moved into this area, my desire was to find an apartment in a building like the ones you describe. Instead, I ended up renting in a condo in Hallandale.

    My appreciation for the old kept gnawing at me until I found and purchased my own Mission style bungalow. It had been run down and neglected, forcing me to make improvements I was not planning on. Long story longer, its beginning to look like the way it was intended.

    I am blessed!


  2. judyinboston says:

    I hope the remaining historical buildings can be saved and the neighborhoods of Parkside, Downtown, and Royal Poinciana be designated as historical and worth of preservation. It is a miracle that so many. buildings are left after nearly a century. Keep up the good work.

  3. Charlaine Rowlette says:

    My aunt and uncle owned a house located at 1301 Tyler St., together with the two adjacent “unimproved” lots directly adjacent to the west side of their property. The house was supposedly built in 1926, but I’m not aware of much more in the way of history. It still is standing and in apparently good condition, and also has a separate garage and servants’ quarters to the rear of the house, adjacent to the alley. Any additional information would be greatly appreciated.

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