This post will be in support of preservation efforts regarding Hollywood’s original buildings. At present, designated historic areas are Downtown and the Lakes Section. Those are certainly deserving, but surely it’s time to recognize the original Central section as well.
Some history facts: in 2020, Hollywood as the city created by Joseph W. Young, Jr. will reach its century mark. Young bought his first square mile in 1920; the first street, Hollywood Boulevard from the Dixie Highway to future Young Circle, was laid out in 1921. Within this first purchase were areas that the Hollywood Land & Water company called Downtown, Central, and the Little Ranches. (Much of the future Lakes section wasn’t ready for building construction before 1925 as the filled land around both Lakes had to settle.)
From the Boulevard, streets in the Central section radiated north to Dania, south toward Hallandale, east to about future 14th Avenue, and west to future 28th Avenue.
Today Young’s Central section has become Downtown, Parkside, Royal Poinciana, and the western edge of the Lakes section. By the time Young had his city incorporated in late 1925, the Central section was filled with businesses in Downtown, and homes, apartments and small hotels chiefly in what is now Parkside, as well as Royal Poinciana.
As a Hollywood native, I would like to help preserve as much of J. W. Young’s beautiful city as we can. (We lived “out west” in the Little Ranches where my father bought an acre of land in 1922.)
Downtown has rightly been designated “historic,” but for reasons unclear to me, Parkside, which contains Hollywood’s oldest homes, has not received that designation. I believe efforts are currently underway to correct this incomprehensible oversight. I’m not trained in historic preservation, but I am a historian and can provide data needed to support historic designations.
Hollywood had a remarkable building boom between 1922, when Young’s Hollywood Land & Water Company erected the first permanent structures in his brand-new city, and 1926, the year of the devastating September hurricane. No doubt to get the ball of settlement rolling, in 1922 Young had his company, together with Indiana building contractor Harry K. Bastian, erect the first permanent homes in Hollywood, in today’s Parkside. In order to maintain a certain look for his city Young hired the architectural firm of Rubush & Hunter to design a series of suggested houses, chiefly in the California Mission Revival style to which Young was partial.
Rubush & Hunter, Sample house design for Hollywood By-the-Sea. City of Hollywood Archives.
These first houses were built along 19th and 20th Avenues, between Van Buren and Washington Streets. The first house to be occupied was at 1901 Madison Street, now gone, owned by Canadians Charles and Emma Roden.
Also significant in this historic group of Hollywood’s first homes, dating from 1922 is the one at 1855-57 Monroe Street, below, which became the home of Virginia Elliott TenEick in 1923. She was, of course, Hollywood’s first published historian. Surely this house deserves historical landmark designation.
Information about all Hollywood’s historic sites can be found in the Hollywood Historical Society’s archives. Handy sources are TenEick’s History of Hollywood, and my Guide to Historic Hollywood and the 2015 booklet The Hollywood Historical Society Historic Downtown Walking Tour. All of these are available at the Hollywood Historical Society; my Guide is also available through Barnes & Noble and Amazon.
Notable among the early buildings in today’s Parkside are a sizeable group of small apartment buildings. They proliferated at that time because the hundreds of people flocking to Young’s thriving new city needed somewhere to live as they made land purchases then built homes. Remember, as late as 1922 there were only a handful of permanent buildings in Hollywood which was essentially flat, cleared ground. When my father was sent by Young to Hollywood in 1920 to start surveying the newly purchased land there was nowhere for him to live–at least in Hollywood.
Mrs. Bloom’s boarding house, Dania, Florida, 1921. Collection of the Estate of Tony Mickelson.
So he went to the settled farm community just to the north, Dania, and had his rooms and meals in Mrs. Bloom’s boarding house, pictured above. People in my father’s snapshot aren’t identified. (He soon bought the acre of land in the Little Ranches.)
The Hollywood Land and Water Company didn’t build apartment buildings, but many others did, and today many of those that were built according to Young’s building codes between 1923 and 1927 still stand, particularly in Hollywood’s first residential areas now known as Parkside and Royal Poinciana.
Recently I made a list of pre-1926 apartments in Hollywood that were designed in the California Mission, or Spanish Mission, or Spanish-Moorish style. We use those terms because that is what they were called at the time that they were built (“Mediterranean Revival” is a misnomer since there was no reference to the Mediterranean intended). Hollywood’s founder in 1920 had lived in California from 1902 to 1916 when the Mission Revival movement was at its height, and this was the architectural style that he decreed should be used in buildings in his city (also the California adobe, and the bungalow).
So here is my list of Hollywood apartment buildings designed with reference to the California Mission, or Spanish Mission, with addresses and date built, if known:
Alva Apts., 1926, 1940 Fillmore Street (at right)
Boulevard Apts., 1014 Hollywood Blvd., 1925-26 (gone)
Casa El Jeanne Apts., 1924-25, 2000 Jefferson Street
Cavanaugh Apts., 1925, 309 Arizona Street
Chelsea Apts., 1924, 2021 Pierce St., designed by Jack Davidon
Coronado and Castillian Apts., 1852 & 1856 Washington St.
Cropper Apts., 1926, 1512 Harrison St.
Eby Apts., 1926, 1621 Van Buren St.
Flora Apts., 1924, 1656 Polk St. designed by Martin L. Hampton
Yale Studio photo. Collection Hollywood Historical Society
Fountain Court Apts., 1924, 817 Tyler Street
at right, Photo by Sellard.
Collection Hollywood Historical Society
Gallager Apts., 1401 Madison St.
Garfield-Tubbs Apts., 1926, 1639 Madison St.
Glenmore and Canterbury Apts., 1925, 1641 Tyler St.
Hollywood Beach Apts., 1926, 322 Monroe St.
Hutchinson Hotel & Apartments, later Golfview Hotel, 1924, 404 N. 17th Avenue (possibly by Rubush & Hunter) Postcard (below)
Josephine Apts., 1928-29, 1947 Lincoln St. (gone)
LeRoy Apts., 1836 Dewey St.
Lorraine Hotel, 1924, 1704 Polk St. (gone)
Maryland Apts., 1926, 1857 Jackson St.
Collection Hollywood Historical Society
Merithew Apts., 1925, 1350 Tyler Street
at left Collection Hollywood Historical Society
Norma & Mantua Apts., 1926, 221 and 223 S. 17th Ave.
later named Hurd Apartments.
Collection Hollywood Historical Society
Ruthlyn Apts., 1720 Fillmore St., 1924
Photo collection Hollywood Historical
Trianon Hotel, 1924, 1957 Monroe St. (gone)
Photo at left shows this large, upscale hotel apartment building under construction. At right, the finished product complete with urns, awnings and balconies. Photo collection Hollywood Historical Society.
1442 Tyler St., 1925 (gone)
1536 Tyler St., 1926
Villa Hermosa Hotel, 1925, 1908 Jackson St. (gone)
Villa Hermosa Jupiter Apts, 1926, 1909 Jackson St. (gone)
Vista del Colegio, 1652-56 Madison St., 1924-25
The only Hollywood building I know that was built to resemble a California adobe. Sadly it has since been remodeled. The name means “View of the School,” referring to Hollywood Central School.
Photo by Higby. Collection Hollywood Historical Society.
Washington Apts., 2020 Washington St., 1926
2137 Washington St.
Nearly all of those listed above are also listed in the State’s compendium of buildings erected in Hollywood before c. 1932, and therefore considered historic. Those not listed by the State in their 1980s study had already been demolished. These site files are available in the Hollywood Historical Society’s Research Center.
Also, in her 1960 History of Hollywood, Virginia TenEick listed all the apartments built before 1926 that she could locate by name, whether they were still there in 1960 or not, and often with no further information available. For those of you interested in historic preservation in Hollywood, here are the apartments TenEick names, showing the pages in her book where they are found. If you would like more information about a building(s), please contact me and I will look into it. Email firstname.lastname@example.org
Apartments named by Virginia TenEick with page number where mentioned, list created by me:
apartments, 127-132, 228, 266 All built between 1923 and 1925
Alva, 129 (photo in first list, above)
Bennett, 129, 229 (ill.)
Berner, 129 ( photo at right)
Boulevard, 129, 272
Casa El Jeanne, 129
Chelsea Apartments, 132 (ill.) (photo in first list, above)
Coral Rock, 85, 89, 200
Country Club Villas, 405
Elizabeth, 130 (photo at right)
El Mirador, 130
Fields, 229 (ill.)
Flora Apartments, 66, 67 (ill.), 69, 126 (ill.), 128-129, 131 (ill.), 282 (ill.) (photo in first list, above)
Fountain Court, 130 (photo in first list, above)
Frank Apartments, 89 (ill.), 90 (ill.)
This was the first house on Hollywood beach, built in February 1924 by J. L. Frank of Buffalo NY. As the demand for housing on the beach was enormous, Frank very quickly converted the building into apartments. It was torn down within the past decade.
garage apartments, 127
George Young Apartments, 69, 128, 288 (ill.)
These apartments were erected by George Young who was not related to J. W. Young or to Young’s close friend Ralph Young. The building appears to have been well-constructed, but it was left in shambles by the September 1926 hurricane, and demolished. Photo Hollywood Historical Society.
Harrison Arms, 130
Hendrick Hudson, 130
Hollywood Beach, 130
Indiana, 130, 322-23
This building seems quite plain for 1924-26 but as this is a later photo, perhaps it was remodeled.
Johnson St. on beach, 87
Kington Building, 119-20
Now the Broward Building, this building was planned and constructed with stores on the ground floor and large apartments above. It is part of Hollywood’s Historic Downtown district. Photo collection Hollywood Historical Society
Lingerlong, 23, 66, 127-128, 153
Lorraine, 282 (ill.)
Mantua, 130 (photo in first list, above)
Maryland, 130, 274 (photo in first list, above)
Merithew, 130 (photo in first list, above)
Norma, 130 (photo in first list, above)
Ocean View, North & South, 130
Olive, 130, 226
Phyl Mar, 130
Ruthlyn, 130 (photo in first list, above)
South Lake, 130
Vaden Apartments, 69
Vista Del Collegio, 130 (photo in first list, above)
Washington, 130, 274
Wellinger, 130, 229 (ill.)
I hope this was of interest. For more information please don’t hesitate to contact me at email@example.com or the Hollywood Historical Society, http://www.Hollywoodhistoricalsociety.org and firstname.lastname@example.org